The leading cause of death for American women between the ages of 44 and 55 is breast cancer. This alarming figure is provided by Dr. Gofinan in his book Preventing Breast Cancer along with a detailed analysis of mammographic screening, an early-detection method that organizations like the American Cancer Society advise women of all ages to undergo. The majority of medical professionals believe that detecting a tumor in its early stages significantly improves a woman’s chances of survival by at least 17%.
The most common method for early detection is mammography. A mammogram is a breast X-ray image that can detect tumor growths that would otherwise go undetected during a physical examination. Like all x-rays, mammograms use dosages of ionizing radiation to produce this picture. The image is then examined by radiologists for any abnormal growths. Despite ongoing modifications and advancements, mammography has encountered significant controversy in the medical community due to a high error rate and the amount of damaging radiation used in the procedure.
Is mammography a reliable method for finding tumors? No, some detractors assert. In a 60,000-person research in Sweden women, 70% of the mammography-detected tumors weren’t even tumors.. These “false positives” are not only monetary and psychological difficulties, but they may also lead too many invasive and pointless biopsies In actuality, between 70 and 80 percent of all mammograms do not, upon biopsy, show any presence of cancer.
Additionally, a high percentage of missed tumors, or “false negatives,” are detected during mammograms. In his book The Politics Of Cancer, Dr. Samuel S. Epstein asserts that every mammogram misses one in four cancer cases in women aged 40 to 49. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) estimates that among women aged 40 to 49, the false negative rate is even higher, at 40%. National Institutes of Health Additionally, according to spokespersons, 10% of cancerous tumors in women over 50 are missed by mammograms. Research has revealed that breast tissue is denser in younger women, making tumors more difficult to find. Because of this, premenopausal mammograms are twice as likely to produce false negative results.
Many critics of mammography cite the hazardous health consequences of radiation The debate surrounding radiation exposure and mammography peaked in 1976. Those days, mammography technology delivered between five and ten rads (radiation-absorbed doses) each screening, as opposed to 1 rad in the screening techniques used today. Each rad of estrogen between the ages of 35 and 50 in females exposure increased the risk of breast cancer by one percent, according to Dr. Frank Rauscher, then-director of the NCI.
Annual radiographic breast checks, according to Russell L. Blaylock, MD, are thought to increase the risk of breast cancer by 2% annually. Therefore, after ten years, the risk will have increased by 20%. Women, even those who received 10 percent or less of the total screenings were never informed of the risk they posed by exposure. Throughout the 1976 radiation debate, Kodak, a significant producer of mammography film, placed full-page advertisements with the headings “About breast cancer and X-rays: A hopeful message from industry on a sober topic.
Despite advancements in technology and lower radiation exposure, scientists continue to assert that mammography poses a significant risk. John W. Gofman, MD, a authority According to studies on the health effects of ionizing radiation, avoiding or reducing exposure to the radiation could prevent up to 75% of breast cancer cases. This includes x-rays, mammography, and other sources from the medical and dental fields.
The prevalence of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), a kind of breast cancer, has increased by 382 percent since the introduction of mammographic screening. Mammography is said to be responsible for 200 percent of this growth. Mammography may spread existing diseases in addition to exposing patients to hazardous radiation. cancer cells as a result of the procedure’s intense pressure on the woman’s breast. Some medical professionals believe that this compression could lead to the metastasis of cancer cells from the breast tissue.
Cancer research has also discovered a gene known as oncogene AC that is incredibly susceptible to even low radiation doses. A high proportion of women in the United States possess this gene, which could raise their risk of cancer brought on by mammography. They predict that mammography will cause 10,000 A-T carriers to develop breast cancer this year.
Younger women seem to be at a higher radiation risk. The NCI published evidence that for every 15 cases of breast cancer that mammography detects in women under 35, there could be 75 additional cases. Another Canadian study discovered a 52% rise in breast cancer cases. cancer mortality young women who receive yearly mammograms. Dr. Samuel Epstein asserts that radiation exposure during pregnancy may endanger the unborn child. Because “the future,” he advises against mammography during pregnancy. risks to your unborn kid of leukemia, not to mention birth defects, are just not worth it.” Similarly, studies reveal that children exposed to radiation are more likely to develop breast cancer as adults.
While the number of deaths caused by breast cancer has declined, however breast cancer incidence is continuously increasing. Breast cancer incidence has increased by one to two percent year since 1940. In the United States, the prevalence of breast cancer among women over 65 increased by over 40% between 1973 and 1991.
Some experts ascribe this growth to improved detection technology; in other words, as more women are examined for breast cancer, more instances are being recorded. According to other researchers, there is a considerably more concerning association between mammographic screening and a rise in breast cancer. radiation exposure is to blame for the increase in cases. Professor Sandra Steingraber presents strategies for navigating these figures despite the fact that the issue is still up for debate. According to Steingraber, the surge in breast cancer began before mammograms became a widely used diagnostic method. Additionally, black women and elderly women, two groups of women in which the incidence of breast cancer is rising most quickly, are also the ones least likely to receive routine mammograms.
The majority of health experts In your opinion, the risk of breast cancer in women under 35 is not high enough to justify the risk of radiation exposure. Similar to this, the risk of mammography for women over 55 justifies the risk of breast cancer. The most divisive figures concern mammography and women between the ages of 40 and 55. Mammography had no beneficial effect on mortality for women between the ages of 40 and 50, according to the 1992 Canadian National Breast Cancer Study. In fact, the research seemed to indicate that women in that age bracket who have routine screenings are more likely to develop breast cancer.
Women under 50 should refrain from screening mammograms, according to Burton Goldberg in his book Alternative Medicine, despite the fact that the American Cancer Society encourages women aged 40 to 49 to get a mammogram every two years. In an effort to resolve this argument, a 1997 consensus panel established by the NIH According to the ruling, there is no proof that mammograms for women of this age save lives and they might potentially be harmful. Women are advised by the panel to assess the dangers against their doctors and decide for themselves.
While breast cancer screening is a crucial first step in the fight, several studies are searching for alternatives breast imaging. Burton Goldberg endorses the precision and security of newthermography technologies. Able to detect cancers Thermography does not use x-rays or compress the breast at this early period of physical development. Importantly, modern thermography techniques maintain their efficacy in the presence of dense breast tissue, reducing the possibility of false-negative results. results.
Digital mammograms are now available from some doctors. In a digital mammography system, solid-state detectors that turn x-rays into electric signals take the place of the traditional x-ray film used in traditional mammography. Digital mammography still uses radiation, but the dose is substantially lower. A doctor can electronically zoom in, magnify, and optimize various breast tissue regions without taking a second image thanks to the electrical signals that are used to create the images.
Younger women’s cancer risks increase with routine mammography. Within a few years of starting screening, analysis of controlled trials conducted over the past ten years has consistently shown increases in breast cancer mortality. This supports evidence of the premenopausal breast’s high sensitivity to radiation as well as the cumulative carcinogenic effects of radiation.
The Politics Of Cancer by Samuel S Epstein MD, page 539
Breast cancer, according to Dr. Gofinan’s book “Preventing Breast Malignancy,” is the most common cancer among women. cause of death between the ages of forty-four and fifty-five among American women. Mammograms may result in cancer because breast tissue is highly radiation-sensitive. The danger between the ages of forty-four and fifty-five among American women. Mammograms may result in cancer since breast tissue is particularly radiation-sensitive. The disease, artificial menopause, obesity, and hormonal imbalance.
Death By Medicine by Gary Null PhD, page 23
“Mammographers have long been concerned about the possibility of radiation-induced breast cancer, which has led to efforts to reduce the radiation dose received during each examination, according to the panel. “Women are susceptible to developing breast cancer from radiation, and the risk increases with dose. The greater the lifetime risk of breast cancer for a woman, the younger she was at the time of exposure.
Under The Influence Modern Medicine by Terry A Rondberg DC, page 122
Furthermore, there is ample proof that the breast is extremely susceptible to radiation, especially in premenopausal women, with estimates of an up to 1% increase in the risk of breast cancer for every rad (radiation absorbed dose) unit of X-ray exposure. This anticipates an increase of up to 20%. cancer risk for a lady who had ten annual mammograms in the 1970s, with a radiation dose of two rads on average. Despite this, up to 40% of women over the age of 40 have had mammograms since the middle of the 1960s, some on an annual basis and some with single screening exposures of 5 to 10 rads using older, high-dose equipment.
The Politics Of Cancer by Samuel S Epstein MD, page 537
Mammography, which uses X-rays to find breast cancer, has proved no less dubious or contentious. The method was initially marketed by the American Cancer Society as a straightforward and secure approach to identify breast tumors early and permit patients to have mastectomies before their diseases had spread.
The Cancer Industry by Ralph W Moss, page 23
Despite the NCI and other experts now agreeing that these are likely to cause more cancers than could possibly be detected, the American Cancer Society and the American College of Radiology have insisted on pursuing extensive mammography screening programs for breast cancer, including its use in younger women.
The Politics Of Cancer by Samuel S Epstein MD, page 291
Many “cancer societies” argued that the tests, which can cost $50 to $200 each, are necessary for all women over 40, even though it has been estimated that radiation from yearly mammograms between the ages of 40 and 49 causes one additional breast cancer. death per 10,000 women.
Under The Influence Modern Medicine by Terry A Rondberg DC, page 21
Mammograms Increase the Risk of Cancer because they subject the breast to harmful ionizing radiation. Expert on the health consequences of ionizing radiation John W. Gofman, M.D., Ph.D., spent 30 years researching how low-dose radiation affects people. He believes that preventing or reducing exposure to the ionizing radiation from mammography, X-rays, and other medical sources could prevent 75% of breast cancer cases. Other studies have revealed that since the introduction of mammographic screening in 1983, the incidence of a type of breast cancer called ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), which accounts for 12% of all breast cancer cases, has increased by 328%, with the use of mammography being responsible for 200% of this increase. 69 The mammography procedure may contribute to the spread of a mass of cancer cells already present in addition to subjecting a woman to hazardous radiation. A woman’s breast must be put under a lot of pressure during a mammography because it is wedged between two flat plastic surfaces. Some medical professionals believe that this compression could lead to the metastasis of cancer cells from the breast tissue.
Alternative Medicine by Burton Goldberg, page 588
In fact the benefits benefits yearly screening to women between the ages of 40 and 50, who are currently being actively recruited, are at best debatable. Each mammogram in this age range misses one in four malignancies. In the first ten years of pre-menopausal screening, up to three in ten women will receive an incorrect breast cancer diagnosis. Additionally, international studies have demonstrated a link between increased breast cancer death rates at older ages and standard premenopausal mammography. The premenopausal breast is highly sensitive to the cumulative carcinogenic effects of mammographic X-rays; women who carry the A-T gene are even more sensitive to radiation; and the risk that the mammogram’s forceful and frequently painful compression of the breast may rupture small blood vessels is one of the factors involved. blood vessels and encourage distant spread of undetected cancers.
The Politics Of Cancer by Samuel S Epstein MD, page 540
I don’t advise mammograms to my patients because they are essentially an x-ray (radiation) of the breast for two reasons: 1) Few radiologists are capable of correctly reading mammogams, limiting their usefulness. Only around six radiologists in the United States could accurately read them, according to the doctor who invented the technology, who made this claim on national television. 2) The risk of breast cancer also rises by 2% for every time the breasts are exposed to an x-ray.
The Hope of Living Cancer Free by Francisco Contreras MD, page 104
Mammography uses radiation by taking an X-ray image of the breast in order to look for probable tumors. The pros and cons of mammography must be considered by each woman individually. There is a latency period, or delay, between the moment of irradiation and the development of breast cancer, as there is with most carcinogens. For various people, this delay could last decades. Children’s reactions to radiation are particularly striking. Breast cancer has been diagnosed more frequently in adult women who had breast X-rays as youngsters. Women with early-onset breast cancer under the age of 35 represent the first increase. However, for this exposed cohort, the high incidence of breast cancer persist for another 40 years or longer.
Eat To Beat Cancer by J Robert Hatherill, page 132
Women are frequently used as test subjects. The similarities between the tamoxifen experiment and the NCI and American Cancer Society trial from the 1970s, which involved 300,000 high-dose mammograms of women, are startling. Additionally, despite NCI’s assurances, no warnings were given about the known high risks of breast cancer from the excessive X-ray doses used at the time. This is despite the fact that there is little evidence of mammography’s effectiveness in premenopausal women. The prevalence of breast cancer among these high-risk women has not been studied. The NCI’s continued support for premenopausal mammography, despite warnings to the contrary from the American College of Physicians and the Canadian Breast Cancer Task Force, as well as persistent concerns about risks even at current low-dose exposures, is cause for concern. The NCI’s failure to investigate risk-free alternatives, such transillumination with infrared light scanning, exacerbates these issues.
The Politics Of Cancer by Samuel S Epstein MD, page 544
High Rate of False Positives—mammography’s high rate of false-positive test results costs money and causes unneeded emotional distress. Seventy percent of the 726 women who were actually sent to oncologists for treatment in a Swedish study of 60,000 women between the ages of 40 and 64 who were examined for breast cancer were determined to be cancer-free. The Lancet reports that up to 93% of the 5% of mammograms that recommend additional testing are false positives. The Lancet report also observed that many needless biopsies and other invasive surgical procedures are performed as a result of these incorrect results because the vast majority of positive screening results are false positives. In actuality, from 70% to 80% of all positive mammograms do not, on average. biopsy, demonstrate cancer in any form. 71 According to some estimates, 90% of these “callbacks” are the result of readings that were difficult to interpret because of dense breast tissue laying on top. 72
Alternative Medicine by Burton Goldberg, page 588
The panel continued, “Breast cancers associated with radiation exposure occur at least ten years after exposure.” According to estimates, radiation from yearly mammograms between the ages of 40 and 49 results in an additional 10,000 women dying from breast cancer.
Under The Influence Modern Medicine by Terry A Rondberg DC, page 122
According to the National Cancer Institute, women between the ages of 40 and 49 have a significant likelihood of missing malignancies, which causes 40% of false negative test findings. Younger women’s breast tissue is denser, making it harder to detect tumors. As a result, younger women’s tumors grow more quickly and may form between screenings. Although the American Cancer Society currently advises a mammogram every two years for women age 40-49, it is advised that those under fifty avoid screening mammograms because there is no reduction in death from breast cancer as a direct effect of early mammography. We are aware that mammography is effective and will save at least 30% of lives, says Dr. Love.
Treating Cancer With Herbs by Michael Tierra ND, page 467
Poor mammographic accuracy results in unnecessary surgery and ambiguous mammogram results. In women aged 40 to 49, there is a high rate of “missed tumors,” resulting in 40% false-negative mammogram results, according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI). Younger women’s breast tissue is denser, making it more challenging to detect tumors. Additionally, younger women’s tumors grow more quickly, increasing the risk of cancer developing between screenings.
Alternative Medicine by Burton Goldberg, page 973
And to make matters worse, NIH spokespersons acknowledge that mammograms miss 25% of malignant cancers in women in their 40s (and 10 percent in older women). In fact, a research from Australia indicated that mammography are unable to detect more than half of breast tumors in younger women.
Underground Cures by Health Sciences Institute, page 42
Refuse routine mammograms to detect early breast cancer, despite what you may be told, especially if you are premenopausal. Your risk of developing cancer may actually increase as a result of the X-rays. The risks might be justified if you are older and have good reason to believe you have breast cancer. There should be very little reason, if any, to have X-rays taken while you are pregnant. The potential dangers of leukemia to your unborn child child, not to mention birth defects, are just not worth it.
The Politics Of Cancer by Samuel S Epstein MD, page 305
Other medical studies have revealed a 328% increase in the incidence of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), a type of breast cancer that makes up 12% of all cases and is caused, in part, by the use of mammography.
Under The Influence Modern Medicine by Terry A Rondberg DC, page 123
It was discovered that the tens of thousands of women involved in the program were never informed of the risk associated with the treatment as the controversy erupted in 1976. (ibid.). The danger was highest for young ladies. According to Dr. Frank Rauscher, the former director of the National Cancer Institute, each mammography raised the subject’s risk of developing breast cancer in the 35 to 50 age group by 1%. (New York Times, August 23, 1976).
The Cancer Industry by Ralph W Moss, page 24
Although the American Cancer Society still advises a mammogram every two years for women ages 40-49, it is advised that women under 50 avoid screening mammograms because there is no reduction in mortality from breast cancer as a direct result of early mammograms. After the age of 35, the NCI advises women to undertake monthly breast self-exams. Many medical professionals still recommend mammograms for women over 50. Self-exams of the breast and safer, more precise technologies like thermography should, however, be strongly examined as alternatives to mammography.
Alternative Medicine by Burton Goldberg, page 973
In the midst of the debate, Kodak placed full-page advertisements with the heading “About breast cancer and X-rays: A hopeful message from industry on a sober topic” in scientific journals. A significant producer of mammography film is Kodak.
The Cancer Industry by Ralph W Moss, page 24
The most comprehensive and reliable investigation to date into the effects of routine mammography on survival has found that routine mammograms do significantly lower breast cancer-related fatalities. Researchers compared the number of breast cancer-related fatalities identified in the 20 years prior to the availability of mammography screening to the number in the 20 years following its introduction. The researchers were based in the United States, Sweden, Britain, and Taiwan. 210,000 Swedish women between the ages of 20 and 69 provided histories and treatment data for the study. Researchers discovered that women who underwent routine mammography experienced a 44 percent decrease in breast cancer deaths. Only 16 percent fewer women died from this disease among those who refused mammograms over this time (presumably the decrease was due to better treatment of the malignancy).
Dr Isadore Rosenfeld’s Breakthrough Health By Isadore Rosenfeld MD, page 47
The first meticulously planned, significant study on this topic was carried out by biochemist Mary Wolff and her colleagues in 1993, seventeen years after the initial pilot study. The stored blood samples of 14,290 New York City women who had gone to a mammography screening clinic were examined for DDE and PCB levels. Of these women, fifty-eight received a breast cancer diagnosis within six months. Each of these fifty-eight women was matched with a control subject from the clinic who had not been diagnosed with cancer but was the same age, had the same menstrual status, etc. The blood samples of the breast cancer-affected women were then contrasted with those of the cancer-free women.
Living Downstream by Sandra Steingraber PhD, page 12
The fact that mammograms actually raise mortality rates may be one factor. In fact, a number of studies have found that, among women under 50, those in groups that had mammograms died from the disease at a higher rate than those who had not. After screening 50,000 women between the ages of 40 and 49, the results of the Canadian National Breast Cancer Screening Trial, released in 1993, revealed that more tumors were found in the screened group, but not only were no lives saved, but 36 percent more women died from the disease.
The Cancer Handbook by Lynne McTaggart, page 57
According to one Canadian study, young women who receive annual mammograms—a technique whose declared goal is to prevent cancer—have a 52 percent higher risk of developing breast cancer. The American Cancer Society has vigorously endorsed mammography despite evidence linking the procedure’s radiation exposure to cancer in women. There have been five radiologists who have led the ACS. 53
When Healing Becomes A Crime by Kenny Ausubel, page 233
About 1.5% of premenopausal women have the A-T gene, making them more radiation sensitive and increasing their risk of developing cancer from mammography. According to estimates, mammography of A-T carriers causes up to 10,000 new cases of breast cancer every year.
The Politics Of Cancer by Samuel S Epstein MD, page 539
According to a study, 3,500 cancers were discovered through mammography and physical examinations, 42% of which were undetectable by physical examination. However, noninfiltrating cancer made up 31% of the tumors. Since breast cancer takes a long time to develop, the earlier cancer is discovered through mammography, the less benefit it may be to survival.
Woman’s Encyclopedia Of Natural Healing by Dr Gary Null, page 86
More mammograms should be performed on women over 50, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Continuous screening can still fail to detect breast cancer, though. When a woman is under 50, mammograms are least effective at detecting breast cancer.
The Cancer Handbook by Lynne McTaggart, page 53
Every woman between the ages of fifty and sixty-nine needs one annually despite its drawbacks. Despite the fact that early detection is less critical for the slow-growing form of breast cancer that older women are more likely to develop, I nevertheless advise them every year. Mammograms should definitely be performed once at age forty to establish a baseline, but it is controversial how frequently women should undergo them after that. Some authorities recommend screening every year. Others believe the evidence is insufficient to warrant any screening before the age of fifty. Others think that every two years is adequate. I tend to favor letting each woman weigh the advantages and downsides on her own, in consultation with her doctor. And last, if a lump has been found, a mammography is advised at any age.
The Longevity Code By Zorba Paster MD, page 234 Thermography provides a very early warning system for breast cancer, frequently being able to identify a cancer process five years before it would be detectable by mammography. Before they are discovered using standard diagnostic procedures, the majority of breast tumors have been developing slowly for up to 20 years. Thermography can identify cancers when they are in their earliest physical stages, when it is still relatively simple to stop and reverse the cancer’s progression. The patient’s body is shielded from all types of rays, and there is no pain or the breasts being compressed as in a mammogram. While thermography is not reliant on tissue densities, mammography tends to lose effectiveness with dense breast tissue.
Alternative Medicine by Burton Goldberg, page 587